According to a study, listening to relaxing music can improve cognitive performance

According to a study, listening to relaxing music can improve cognitive performance

Relaxing background music has been shown to lower both heart rate and respiratory rate, which can have a positive impact on cognitive performance. New research published in the Journal of Cognitive Enhancement found that listening to three genres of relaxing music (jazz, piano, and lo-fi) can improve cognitive performance.

Research shows that listening to different types of music can improve sustained attention, alertness, and attentional focus. However, other studies show that background music can impair cognitive performance (ie text comprehension, verbal memory).

For the current study, study author Ulrich Kirk and colleagues wanted to compare whether different types of relaxing background music can affect cognitive processing and physiological activity. “The study recruited four groups of participants, with each group exposed to a specific genre of music compared to a no-music control group. In a between-group design, three separate groups were exposed in the study jazz music, piano musicand Lo-Fi Music respectively. The fourth group was a control group with no music.”

For this study, the researchers looked at 108 adult participants without heart disease or stress disorders. Each participant was randomly assigned to one of four experimental groups. The study took place over three days, during which participants were measured for mind wandering (sustained attention), acute alertness, and heart rate variability (HRV). Importantly, participants were measured for acute alertness while listening to music and being measured for sustained attention after Listen to music.

On the first day, participants completed baseline measurements of sustained attention and HRV. On the second day, participants were placed in a room, given headphones, and listened to music appropriate to their experimental condition while also being monitored for HRV. They were also measured for acute alertness during the last 5 minutes of music listening and sustained alertness at the end of the session.

On the third day, the participants repeated the procedure from day 2 and again listened to the same music. The only difference is that some participants listened to a 15-minute clip on day 2, and then a 45-minute clip on day 3, and other participants in reverse order. Three weeks later, participants returned to complete another 15-minute music session and attention task. Participants were instructed to listen to their assigned piece of music at least 10 times over the three weeks to increase familiarity with the music.

The results show that those who listened to music (regardless of length) performed better than the no-music control group. Furthermore, those who listened to music (all three genres) showed an increase in performance over the study period for both 15- and 45-minute music sessions.

Similarly, those who listened to music (regardless of length) showed higher HRV compared to the no-music control group. There was an increase in HRV over the study period in those listening to music, but this increase was also seen in the no-music control group. These differences were observed for both the 15 and 45 minute conditions.

The results of the follow-up test three weeks later show that those who listened to music had faster reaction times compared to the control group without music. The results also show that those in the music groups showed an improvement in reaction time at follow-up compared to those in the no-music control group, who showed no differences. Finally, those in the no-music control group had the lowest HRV at follow-up compared to the other three music groups.

The researchers cite some limitations of this work, such as: B. the lack of an active control group like rock music. Future research shows that music is Not relaxing can affect Achievement can increase confidence in these outcomes. Another limitation is not measuring how participants felt about the music they were listening to. Perhaps the general fondness for music can increase performance.

The Effects of Three Genres of Focus Music on Heart Rate Variability and Sustained Attention study was authored by Ulrich Kirk, Christelle Ngnoumen, Alicia Clausel, and Clare Kennedy Purvis.

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